Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is an abnormal growth of cells that originate in the prostate. Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death for men in the United States. The prostate is an organ that sits in the deepest part of the pelvis. The normal function of the prostate is to produce fluid for the ejaculate. It also surrounds a portion of the urethra - the tube that transports urine and semen out of the body. In the early stages, prostate cancer is generally asymptomatic. However, if symptoms do emerge they generally are the result of more advanced disease:

  • Difficulty with urination

  • Blood in the urine and ejaculate

  • Bone pain

  • Loss of weight and appetite

Risk factors for prostate cancer include:

  • Advancing age

  • African-American ethnicity

  • Family history of prostate cancer

  • Heavy smoking history

  • Obesity

The initial evaluation for prostate cancer often includes a digital rectal exam (DRE) and a blood lab test called Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA). The physicians at Athens Area Urology will assess your risk for prostate cancer and help you decide if PSA screening is right for you. An abnormal DRE or elevated PSA warrant further evaluation which is performed using a Prostate Biopsy. If the diagnosis of prostate cancer is made by prostate biopsy, we will help you navigate the numerous treatment options which include:

  • Active surveillance

  • Watchful Waiting

  • Radiation therapy

  • Surgery

  • Cryotherapy

  • Hormone therapy

  • Chemotherapy

Have any questions? Contact us today!